Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Under the law, intellectual disability in relation to a person over the age of 5 years, is defined as significant sub-average general intellectual functioning; and significant deficits in adaptive behaviour, each of which manifest before the age of 18 years. Legal Responses Legislation Many intellectually disabled individuals are mis treated and discriminated against in the work place or the community. In response to this, two main acts have been established ; the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (Cwlth) and the Anti-Discrimination Act 1977 (NSW). Although some forms of discrimination are not covered by legislation, parliament has ensured that people with an intellectual disability have equal access to resources such asÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Many people and organisations have changed their views and practices because of anti-discrimination legislation. Also, such legislation sends a powerful message to society that those with disabilities are equal members of the community. Application of the rule of law: It may be the case that offenders are treated too easily when they appear before the court; Some people feel that their rights go too far. These rights include the right to not answer a question from the police during investigation, the privilege against self-incrimination and the right to have no adverse comments made at a trial on the failure to answer questions or give evidence at a trial. This might make it hard to apply the rule of law (that no one is above the law) if the offender is given these advantages. However on the other end of the scale, it maintains the rule of law as it provides every individual with the right to a fair trial. Criticism Disempowerment of the disabled- (Accessibility) Many intellectually disabled individuals are in situations of great dependency where they are virtually powerless. This makes it difficult for the individual to use the anti discrimination legislation as a discriminatory remedy. Resource Efficiency: An intellectually disabled individual (or their guardian) may not have access to the financial resources needed to pay for a court trial. Also, if anShow MoreRelatedIntellectual Impairment And Intellectual Disability1319 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshaving an intellectual impairment or intellectual disability (The Arc). People who have these conditions are rarely given the same opportunities as people who donÃ¢â¬â¢t, and because of this, many very talented individuals go unnoticed and never reach their full potential. In a time where one to three percent of Americans have this disability, this is an issue that affects almost everyone either by knowing someone who has it or by knowing someone who is affected by it. People with intellectual impairmentsRead MoreChildren With An Intellectual Disability1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhen overcoming certain challenges and obstacles in their lives. Jo began explaining what it was like having a child with an intellectual disabil ity from early on. When Jody was born, Jo and his wife were given to option of whether or not they wanted to keep him. During this time, it was something that was not uncommon for parents with children that were born with a disability to be asked. Several of these parents had the choice of whether or not to keep and raise their children or the child couldRead MoreChildren With Intellectual Disabilities ( Id )1673 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHistorically children with intellectual disabilities (ID) were taught in segregated schools. Over the past two decades inclusive practices, addressing the equality of people with an intellectual disability (ID) has gained recognition through treaties and policies in Australia and internationally (IDEA, 2004; UNCRPD, 2006). School inclusion supports the rights of students with ID to be taught in mainstream schools. During this time researchers have studied the views and attitudes of students towardsRead MoreIntellectual Disabilities Essay1164 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPersons with Intellectual Disabilities or Intellectually Disabled Persons: Which is the Classifying Entity? As I write this, sitting in a solitaire corner of the library, Im gently enclosing in my hand a simple rubber bracelet. My inspiration. Not the famous, bright yellow LiveStrong ones that Neil Armstrong once yielded, but a modest black band with contrasting white letters simply stating I See You. This statement may seem unpretentious and bland, maybe even comical to some, but it has a sincereRead MoreIntellectual Disabilities Essay683 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn reading chapter 8 on intellectual disabilities, I found that the field of intellectual disabilities has developed throughout the years. The term intellectual disabilities and mental retardation are used interchangeably. The term Ã¢â¬Å"mental retardationÃ¢â¬ is the federal definition used by IDEA, however many states today do not use the term. Many people do not use the term mental retardation because of its history. Long ago, students who were known to have Ã¢â¬Å"mental retardationÃ¢â¬ were put in special schoolsRead Mo reChildren With Intellectual And Physical Disabilities1421 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesin our world are born with intellectual and physical disabilities. These people donÃ¢â¬â¢t have any control over how they are born, but we as a nation have the authority over how they are taken care of. From reading the fictional book Ã¢â¬Å"Flowers for Algernon,Ã¢â¬ the nonfiction articles Ã¢â¬Å"Disabled Couple Forced to Live Apart,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Social Sensitivity.Ã¢â¬ Many people with disabilities are not allowed jobs and/or education. The percentage of unemployment for people with disabilities is 12.1. There are numerousRead MoreEssay on Understanding Persons with Intellectual Disabilities1518 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages It is important to understand the terms that are associated with intellectual disabilities. The first term is disability. Disability is an individual performing which includes physical, sensory, cognitive, intellectual mental illness impairments, and various types of chronic diseases. The next term involves intelligence. This term is the ability to think logically, reason out problems, prepare, understand difficult ideas, examine intellectually, and the ability to determine quickly and or acquireRead MoreEssay on Intellectual Disability2319 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages287,572,700 people, 14,144,300 of them have an intellectual disability. In the state of South Carolina, 5.6% of the population has an intellectual disability. This means from a base population of 4,311,200, an estimated 242,600 are considered to have an intellectual disability. This survey included all ag es, races, all genders, and all education levels (Ã¢â¬Å"Disability StatisticsÃ¢â¬ ). Intellectual disability is characterized by limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. This coversRead MoreSocial Inclusion And Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities Essay1334 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesinclusion among people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) the social dynamics of these circumstances can be more complex then traditionally anticipated. In the United States of American six and a half million people, on average, have intellectual and or developmental disabilities. This translates into two and a half percent of the population (Morstad 2010). Globally, about two hundred million people have intellectual and or developmental disabilities. Worldwide, this makes upRead MoreStudents With Intellectual Disabilities ( Id )1107 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstudents with Intellectual Disabilities (ID) in a classroom setting. I had interviewed Ms. Chisolm (Special Education Teacher) for the Jersey City Public Schools District, who works with students of multiple disabilities. Intelligence disabilities (ID) mean the mental capabilities of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge and skills. Intellectual disability can be developed during childbirth or before the age of eighteen. It is imperative for me to know, Ã¢â¬Å"What are the characteristics of students with intellectual disabilities
Friday, May 15, 2020
Alyssa Dittman Ms.Dwiggins computers 2 22/9/2014 The Holocaust The word Ã¢â¬Å"HolocaustÃ¢â¬ was originally taken from the Greek word Ã¢â¬Å"HolokaustonÃ¢â¬ . In Greek, this word meant Ã¢â¬Å"sacrifice by fireÃ¢â¬ . Holocaust is the name given to the German Nazis killing and persecution of Jews. Other targeted groups were Gypsies, JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses, homosexuals, the handicapped or deformed, and all others who disagreed with what Adolph Hitler was doing. It all began in 1933 when the entire world was in a depression. Adolph Hitler became chancellor of Germany in January of that year. In Germany alone, over five million people were without work. They were afraid and still angry because Germany was defeated in World War I. In that war, Hitler was in the German army. After the war, their country was made to sign the Treaty of Versailles. This Treaty forced Germany to lose some of their territory along with limiting the size of its army and having to pay large amounts of money for war damages. Adolph Hitler took advantage of the G ermanÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings and preached his own racial thinking that Aryans (people of Nordic descent) were superior to all other races. He told the people that Germany would once again become a huge world power. The adults and children believed him because his preaching gave them hope. Hitler blamed the Jews for losing the war. After the war was over he became a member of the National Socialist German WorkersÃ¢â¬â¢ Party, known to other parts of the world as Nazis. Hitler wasShow MoreRelatedHolocaust : The World War I2252 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesHolocaust Denial During World War I Adolf Hitler served his country which the defeat of his country lead him to blame the Jews. Hitler after the war joined the National Socialists German WorkersÃ¢â¬â¢ Party, which was known to the English as Nazis. In 1923 he wrote his memoir Ã¢â¬Å"Mein KampfÃ¢â¬ which translates to my struggles, in which Hitler expressed his obsession for the idea of a perfect Aryan race. January 20, 1933 was when Hitler was named the chancellor of Germany. The first concentration camp thatRead MoreThe Holocaust : The World War I2592 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesThe Holocaust World War I, the first actual war played out on a global scale. During the time of the war, many people, military and civilians a like, lost their lives. However, among all of these people, one man got very lucky in the sight of death, for you see this man had been partially blinded after being exposed to mustered gas, and when when stumbling on the battle field, a British solider by the name of Henry Tandey who saw this man, took pity on him and let him go. The man that he saved wasRead MoreThe Holocaust : A War Hero After World War I1940 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAmerican River College The Holocaust Ferris Spears World History Yousef Batarseh 3 December 2015 The point of where this all began was when Adolf Hitler came to became known as a war hero after World War I, and soon after gaining enough power to become chancellor of Europe in January of 1933. In March of 1933 one of the world s greatest and worst tragedies in history began. This tragedy was the holocaust where the Jews were persecuted, and killed all because of the man named Adolf HitlerRead MoreEssay about Democratic Republic of Congo Holocaust922 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCongo (DRC) Holocaust was the bloodiest war fought. This was due to the death toll, possibly larger than that of the Holocaust. Between 1998 and 2007, there were a total of 5.4 million people dead. The number of those deaths has definitely gone up over the years (Heaton 1). Genocide is very vital because of the people being slaughtered and giving their lives away in order to support their political stance. Everyone, whether it is through war or poverty, suffers from this immense tragedy. I was interestedRead More The Holocaust : A Traumatic Event Essay1644 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Holocaust was a very traumatic event in history. Every year in school from about middle school onward students learn specifically about Adolf Hitler and the Nazi partyÃ¢â¬â¢s cruel treatment of the Jewish culture and people during World War II. The same general knowledge is given to us from middle school up until the ending our high school history careers. We are taught to believe that Adolf Hitler was a corrupt man, who sought control of Germany in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s. Even though we are given backgroundRead MoreThe Holocausts Effect on the German Jew Essay1745 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestarget of the Holocaust, but why they were a large part of the years before, during, and after the Holocaust. HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"final solutionÃ¢â¬ almost eliminated the Jewish population in Europe during World War II. At the end of the war and along with his suicide, the Jewish population would survive the horror known as th e Holocaust and the Jews would eventually find their way back to their homeland of Israel as well as find new communities to call home. HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s rise to power before World War II was dueRead MoreThe Mass Murder Of A Totalitarian Leader1112 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessystematically murdered, in one of the largest genocides known to mankind, Ã¢â¬Å"Never shall I forget the little faces of children, whose bodies turned into wreaths of smoke beneath a silent blue sky,Ã¢â¬ (Elie Wiesel). The aftermath of the Holocaust was devastating, hundreds of Jewish families were forced to continue their lives, with little, to no financial aid; between the years of 1945 and 1952, 80,000 Holocaust survivors immigrated to the United States. The Jewish individuals lost their citizenshipRead MoreThe Impact Of Wwii On Jewish History1362 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesway, 64.5 million people, including six million Jewish people. This war could have extinguished the Jewish culture. According to Holocaust Encyclopedia, this is some of the aftermath of the Holocaust (2). The Anglo-Americans discovered piles of corpses after WWII. Soldiers also found starving and sick Jewish and non-Jewish survivors. Survivors were afraid to return to their homes because they feared for their lives. After the war, survivors were housed in refugee centers. Thousands of survivors decidedRead MoreWorld War I And II1057 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages20th century, World War I and II, left a lasting impact on society economically, politically, and socially. As we have read in detailed archives on both world catastrophes, the nature in which violence shaped society after the war varied greatly. Ernst JÃ ¼nger in Storm of Steel shares his heroic memoirs from fighting on the German front in World War I. Art Spiegelman tells the very personal and emotional story of his father, a survivor of World War IIÃ¢â¬â¢s Holocaust. Throughout the war, Ernst remindsRead MoreThe Holocaust : The Destruction Of The Jews1717 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Holocaust is by far the worst genocide ever com mitted, with between 5 and 6 million Jews murdered; along with countless other minorities the Germans deemed inferior (The Holocaust Chronicle Appendices). The Holocaust began with the boycott of Jewish businesses, and ended in camps such as Auschwitz. The destruction of the Jews was made possibly with the rise of Adolf Hitler to power, as he and his fellow Nazi followers attempted to exterminate the Jewish populace of Europe. In the paragraphs to
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Introduction Cable provider Adelphia was one of the major accounting scandals of the early 2000s that led to the creation of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. A key provision of the Act was to create a stronger ethical climate in the auditing profession, a consequence of the apparent role that auditors played in some of the scandals. SOX mandated that auditors cannot audit the same companies for which they provide consulting services, as this link was perceived to result in audit teams being pressured to perform lax audits in order to secure more consulting business from the clients. There were other provisions in SOX that increased the regulatory burden on the auditing profession in response to lax auditing practices in scandals like Adelphia (McConnell Banks, 2003). This paper will address the Adelphia scandal as it relates to the auditors, and the deontological ethics of the situation. Adelphia Adelphia was once a privately-held firm of the Rigas family, but they took the firm public. When the firm went public, it became subject to a range of accounting regulations as it entered the jurisdiction of the Securities Exchange Commission. Adelphia was bound to adhere to generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the preparation of its financial statements. As the scandal broke, it related primarily to the use of company funds for personal spending by the Rigas family. While such a practice might have been acceptable if the firm was family-run, it is not acceptable in aShow MoreRelatedThe Failed Corporate Culture of Enron4805 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesThe Failed Corporate Culture of Enron High risk accounting, inappropriate conflicts of interest, extensive undisclosed off-the-books activity, excessive compensation Ãâ" these are some of the headings of the report prepared by the U.S. Senates Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations titled The Role of the Board of Directors in Enrons Collapse. (Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, 2002) In February, 2002, Enrons former Chief Executive Officer Jeffery Skilling had testified before membersRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesOrganizational Behavior Comprehensive Cases Indexes Glindex 637 663 616 623 Contents Preface xxii 1 1 Introduction What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Importance of Interpersonal Skills 4 What Managers Do 5 Management Functions 6 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Management Roles 6 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Management Skills 8 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Effective versus Successful Managerial Activities 8 Ã¢â¬ ¢ A Review of the ManagerÃ¢â¬â¢s Job 9 Enter Organizational Behavior 10 Complementing Intuition with Systematic Study 11 Disciplines That Contribute to
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: To write Nursing research proposal. You can choose the topic. Currently I am working in the liver transplant ICU. Answer: Research title A phenomenological study exploring the experience of liver transplant patients in intensive care unit Background Experience and viewpoints of patients undergoing interventions in the intensive care unit (ICU) have been the focus of research for a long time. Studies have highlighted that patients undergoing liver transplant experience both positive and negative incidents since the emotional and mental impact of the transplantation are significant. Further, experiences of liver transplant patients might be singular. This implies that the admission of the patient to the ICU is the initial step towards recovery from the health complication after living in a period of illness (Wallia, et al. 2016). The knowledge of nurses about patient experience contributes to a better understanding of healthcare processes. Though a pool of studies has been carried out on liver transplant patients for carrying out an assessment of functional recovery, work rehabilitation, and quality of life, there is a scarcity of studies highlighting the experience of the patients in ICU (Adams et al. 2014). Purpose of study Against the context of the gap in existing literature a research is to be carried out that would highlight the viewpoints and feelings of patients undergoing a liver transplant in ICU. The aim of the study would be to have a detailed description of the experience of patients undergoing a liver transplant in the ICU. A qualitative study is to be held that would be suitable for addressing the research question in alignment with the research topic. The study would be praiseworthy since on the basis of the study results nurses can consider bringing changes in the manner in which care is delivered to liver transplant patients in ICU. The aim of such a change in practice would be focused on better satisfaction and health outcomes of patients. Research question The proposed research would be carried out with the concerning the research question of What are the experiences of patients undergoing a liver transplant in ICU? Study plan and design The proposed research would be qualitative in nature since such method provides the best way of exploring the feelings and experiences of study respondents (Nieswiadomy and Bailey 2017). A phenomenological study design would be appropriate since Houser (2016) argued that phenomenological methods permit extraction of in-depth knowledge of the essence of patient experiences and encoding of underlying meanings. 25 patients who have undergone a liver transplant in the past six months in one 250 bedded private hospital in Singapore would be the study participants. Data collection is to be done over a period of 2 months with the help of in-depth, focused interviews. Each candidate is to be invited for taking part in the study, and informed consent is to be taken prior to the research. Patients are to be informed that confidentiality and anonymity would be preserved. The interview would have open, unstructured, nonleading questions that would encourage and motivate the participants to expre ss their feelings and ideas. The interviews would be audiotaped and would be fo one-hour duration approximately. To follow the phenomenological method in a rigorous manner, the researchers would bracket previous knowledge about the phenomena in order to avoid influence on the information provided by the interviewees. Two individuals would act as the interviewers. The whole setting would be at any desired place mentioned by the patients. The recordings are later to be transcribed verbatim. Data analysis would consider thematic data interpretation. Based on the study results suitable inferences are to be drawn (Parahoo 2014). References Adams, J.A., Anderson, R.A., Docherty, S.L., Tulsky, J.A., Steinhauser, K.E. and Bailey, D.E., 2014. Nursing strategies to support family members of ICU patients at high risk of dying.Heart Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care,43(5), pp.406-415. Houser, J., 2016.Nursing research: Reading, using and creating evidence. Jones Bartlett Learning. Nieswiadomy, R.M. and Bailey, C., 2017.Foundations of nursing research. Pearson. Parahoo, K., 2014. Nursing research: principles, process and issues. Palgrave Macmillan. Wallia, A., Schmidt, K., Oakes, D.J., Pollack, T., Welsh, N., Kling-Colson, S., Gupta, S., Fulkerson, C., Aleppo, G., Parikh, N. and Levitsky, J., 2016. Glycemic Control Reduces Infections in PostLiver Transplant Patients: Results of a Prospective, Randomized Study.The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology Metabolism,102(2), pp.451-459.
Monday, April 13, 2020
Five Geological Regions of Georgia Five Geological Regions of Georgia The history of Georgias geology can be traced back at least one billion years. Georgias geology was impacted by the formation and erosion of mountain ranges, intense climate changes, flooding by the sea on numerous occasions, and volcanic eruptions. The state can be divided into five regions based on their characteristic landforms, types and ages of rocks, and geologic structures. The five regions are the Piedmont, Blue Ridge, Valley and Ridge, Appalachian Plateau, and the Coastal Plains. All of these geologic regions extend into the surrounding states, but Georgia is the only state south of Virginia that has all of these regions. The oldest rocks in Georgia are found in the Piedmont and Blue Ridge regions, which run northeast to southwest through the center of the state. The rocks range in age from 1 to 1.3 billion years, dating them back to the Proterozoic Era. The two regions are composed mainly of metamorphic rocks and igneous rocks. Extremely high temperatures and pressures deep below the earths surface formed metamorphic rocks. The cooling and crystallization of molten magma formed igneous rocks. These regions also show signs of having been contorted, bent, and twisted by tremendous compressional forces within the earths crust numerous times. The Piedmont region has large faults that support these events, the main one being the Brevard Fault zone. The Piedmont region is also the largest region out of the five. The Blue Ridge contains the highest and largest group of mountains in the state. The Brasstown Bald is the highest out of all the mountains. The Cartersville fault separates the Piedmont region from the Valley and Ridge region. The Cartersville fault marks the place where Piedmont metamorphic rocks were shoved westward over sedimentary rock layers of the Valley and Ridge. This action was most likely due to the collision of Gondwan with North America near the end of the Paleozoic Era. The Valley and Ridge region and the Appalachian Plateau lie west of the Cartersville fault. The rocks of these regions are just as old as the ones in the Piedmont region, but they havent been subjected to the extreme heat and pressure as the ones in the Piedmont. The rocks here still show their original sedimentary textures, structures, and fossils. They occur as layers and consist mainly of sandstone, shale, limestone, and dolostone. In the Valley and Ridge region the layers have been bent into great folds that erode and forms the long winding ridges and valleys from which the area is named. The rocks in this area contain numerous fossils. Due to the fossils and rocks, geologists have concluded that the Valley and Ridge area was formed in ancient seas from flooding during the Paleozoic Era. The Appalachian Plateau is the smallest region on the state. It has sedimentary layers that are still horizontal due to not having been bent or twisted. In the lower elevations, these rocks are mainly limestone and dolostone similar to the ones in the Valley and Ridge region. As the elevation goes up, you begin to see sandstone, shale, and coal beds that date back to the Pennsylvania Era. The region is filled with Limestone Caves, Deep Canyons, and rock called the Tag Corner. It also has sandy mountains that run as long as 100 miles long. The Coastal Plain region is divided into two parts: the Inner Coastal Plain and the Outer Coastal Plain. The Coastal Plains are separated from the other regions by the Fall Line. The Fall Line divides the hard, crystalline rocks of the Piedmont and Blue Ridge area with the softer, more erodible layers of the Coastal Plains. The Fall Line is known for its many waterfalls and rapids, which are caused by the different characteristics of the rocks on either side of the line. Rivers cant erode deeply into the hard rocks of the Piedmont, but they can erode the softer layers of the Coastal Plains. Rapids and waterfalls are formed as the erosion of these layers results in the streams channels becoming steeper along the Fall Line. The Coastal Plain has layers of sedimentary layers that are under formed and unaltered. The oldest layers are of Triassic, Jurassic, and Lower Cretaceous Eras.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Website Content Template How to Get Content Right the First Time YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve checked your backlog and suddenly you see it. You need to craft content for a new web page. For some marketers this marks the beginning of endless back and forths with developers, upper management or even clients over what content you need to create. WouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t it be easier to simplify this process? ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s where a website content template comes into play. What are some benefits to using them? Lets count three: They make it easier to take a content-first approach with everything written and ready to hand off to a developer. Templates help provide the clarity your developers need to insert the content youÃ¢â¬â¢ve created to the webpage without them having to endlessly ask for it. T hey also help you and your marketing team remain consistent which leads to more pages being published on time. After all, who wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t like being on time? Plus, they make it easy for writers to pass content back and forth for editing review. This post will walk you through how to use our template to create your initial content for any web page. Well also cover a four-step planning process to share with your marketing team. Keep reading to see how you can simplify your entire website content creation process.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Opinion Paper - Business Law Class - Essay Example In the U.S. Supreme Court Ninth Circuit case, heard in 2007, the Court ruled that a group of contract workers from the company, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), did not have to disclose certain information in the background checks NASA wanted to do. NASA would normally complete all these checks before employing someone on a full-time basis. This information related to the workersÃ¢â¬â¢ previous drug use and counseling, and questions about the workersÃ¢â¬â¢ honesty posed to the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s references. NASA could also force the employees to sign a release so that personal information could be researched from the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ schools, previous employers, and other sources (The HR website 2011). The Supreme Court (Ninth Circuit) ruled that the contracted workersÃ¢â¬â¢ rights would be violated by such background checks, since previous drug use or counseling for drug use would not be relevant to their present contract with NASA, and that the opinions of previous employers could not be used to decide whether JPL could use these workers for the NASA contract. In both cases, the judgment felt that the workersÃ¢â¬â¢ constitutional rights would be violated by such checks. On Appeal, the Supreme Court reversed this previous decision (NASA v. Nelson 2011), making it possible for NASA to do the same background checks on contracted workers as it does on full time employees.